Gabon is located at the equator on the west
coast of Africa and consists mostly of inaccessible
jungle and savanna. The country was ruled by President
Omar Bongo from 1967 until his death in 2009. Then son
Ali Bongo Ondimba took over. The concentration of power
for a family has almost put the multiparty system out of
play. A small elite in the cities lives well on Gabon's
large income from oil, iron and timber.
Brief profiles of Gabon, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Gabon is about half the size of Sweden and is
located at the equator on the Atlantic coast of Africa.
Most of the country is a high plateau, which is covered
by tropical rainforest and savanna.
The terrain is rugged with deep river valleys. The
highlands are bordered by several mountain ranges,
including the Crystal Mountains in the north and the
Chaillu Mountains in the south.
A 10-20 km wide belt along the coast consists of
lowland with mangrove swamp and coastal water. The
lowland and the seabed off the coast are covered by
sediment rich in oil. The Ogooui River and its numerous
tributaries flow through the country.
The climate in Gabon is hot and humid all year round.
The rainfall is plentiful, especially during the period
September – March.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
267 667 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Congo-Brazzaville
Capital with number of residents
Libreville 753 600 (Estimated 2010)
Other major cities
Port Gentil 142,300, Masuku (Franceville) 56,000,
Oyem 40,000, Moanda 39,300 (estimated 2010)
Iboundji (1,557 m asl) 1
3 mm (July), 373 mm (Nov)
Libreville 23–31 °C (Jan), 20–28 °C (July)
- uncertain taskSources
Visas abolished between neighboring countries
The members of Cemac (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial
Guinea, Gabon and Congo-Brazzaville) announce that the internal visa-free
agreement has now been ratified by all member states and will therefore be
implemented. The agreement has been missing for 15 years through negotiations.
The process has dragged on the time when the oil countries of Gabon and
Equatorial Guinea were worried about being flooded by job seekers from
neighboring countries. Now, however, these countries have also ratified the
Bongo rewards successful opposition politicians
President Bongo is reshaping the government and including some opposition
politicians who participated in this spring's national dialogue (see
March 2017). The dialogue was boycotted by most prominent opposition
representatives, including Jean Ping, who claims that it was he and not Bongo
who won the 2016 presidential election. Among those who are awarded new jobs
within the government are Pierre Moussavou of the Social Democratic Party, who
came fifth in the presidential election, and René Ndemezo'o Obiang who led
Ping's election campaign. However, no changes are made to the heavy ministerial
posts and the change is dismissed as cosmetic by political judges.
Threats to ICC visits
17th of June
The authorities are investigating several threats made before a visit by a
delegation from the International Criminal Court (ICC). Among other things,
government-critical persons have claimed that explosive charges were placed in
government buildings. President Bongo has also resigned. Armed men have entered
several media buildings and demanded to broadcast a video urging the people to
revolt against the president. A threatening person has entered the EU
delegation's office. The threats have been voiced by supporters of the losing
presidential candidate, Jean Ping, but he is distance from them.
The President creates a forum for dialogue
Representatives of about 1,200 community organizations and some 50 political
parties, as well as civil servants and diplomats, will attend the inauguration
of President Bongo's "forum for dialogue" on the country's political situation.
The president hopes to resolve the crisis that arose during his re-election in
2016. Opposition leader Ping, who considers himself the rightful winner in the
presidential election, is boycotting the dialogue. The president is similar to
the political problems of a "family quarrel".
Ex-minister arrested for corruption
A former finance minister and advisor to President Bongo are arrested,
charged with embezzling state funds equivalent to over US $ 800 million. The
l'Union newspaper reports that this is the first time a minister has been
arrested for corruption and launches the idea that Bongo may be about to change
its view of corrupt employees.