The Republic of Fiji in the southwest Pacific
consists of hundreds of large volcanic islands and
smaller coral islands. The country's economic base
consists of tourism and sugar production. The former
British colony has long been plagued by contradictions
between Fijian residents and descendants of contract
workers from India. Four coups between 1987 and 2006 led
to periods of dictatorship. In 2009, a return to popular
election began and democratic elections could be held in
2014. The winner of the election became the former dome
leader Voreqe (Frank) Bainimarama.
Brief profiles of Fiji, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Fiji is an island in the southwest Pacific
Ocean, halfway between the equator and New Zealand's
northern tip. It consists of around 850 islands, atolls
and reefs on an underwater plateau around the rather
shallow Koro Sea. Around 100 of the
islands are inhabited.
The two largest islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu,
occupy close to nine tenths of the total land area,
which is comparable to Värmlands. Viti Levu is one of
the largest islands in Oceania; here is the capital
The main islands are of volcanic origin and are
mountainous, with deep gorges in the coastal landscapes.
On the east and south sides of the islands, rainforest
or planted forest grows, while the vegetation on the
drier leafs resembles savanna. Fiji's smaller islands
are usually low coral islands. The island of Rotuma also
belongs to Fiji about 50 km north of Fiji group.
Fiji has a tropical sea climate, characterized by the
constantly windy southeast passage. The temperature
variations are small and it rains a lot.
Most precipitation falls on the windy east and south
coasts of the islands. However, the period from May to
October is slightly drier and cooler than November to
April, when hurricanes can occur.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
18 376 km2 (2018)
Swedish +11 hours
Capital with number of inhabitants
About 87,000 (on the island of Viti Levu; with
suburbs such as Lami, Nausori and Nasinu about 330,000,
Other major cities
Lautoka, Nadi (both on the island of Viti Levu)
Tomaniivi (Mount Victoria; on Viti Levu, 1,324 m
above sea level)
Average Precipitation / year
Approximately 3,000 mm
Average / day
27 °C (Jan), 23 °C (July)