Equatorial Guinea consists of five islands in
the Gulf of Guinea and an area on the Central African
West Coast. The former Spanish colony is one of the
world's hardest dictatorships. The country is simply
governed by the president and his clan. Oil resources
offshore have provided huge revenue to the presidential
family, while the population is kept in poverty.
Brief profiles of Equatorial Guinea, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Equatorial Guinea is one of Africa's smallest
countries in terms of both surface and population. The
country consists of a mainland part, Río Muni (formerly
Mbini), and five islands.
The largest island is Bioko (formerly Fernando Póo),
located just over three miles off the Cameroon coast,
northwest of the mainland. At Bioko lies the capital
Malabo, while the "economic capital", Bata, is located
on the mainland. The island of Annobón (or Pagalu) lies
more than 40 miles south of the mainland. The three
islands of Corisco, Great Elobey (Elobey grande) and
Little Elobey (Elobey chico) are just off the coast.
The mainland part is mostly covered by rainforests.
The terrain gradually rises from a coastal plateau a few
miles wide towards the Crystal Mountains on the border
with Gabon. The area is divided into two parts of the
Benito River. Bioko is a volcanic island, mostly covered
by jungle. Cocoa and coffee plantations are located on
the fertile mountain slopes in the north. Annobón is
also volcanic with dense forest of oil and coconut
In Equatorial Guinea, it is warm (around 30 degrees
Celsius) and humid (about 90 percent humidity)
year-round; The climate is particularly stressful,
especially on the island of Bioko.
Southwest Bioko is one of the areas where it rains
the most - it can reach up to 11,000 millimeters of rain
in a year. Most of the rainfall comes in May to October;
between November and April it is a bit drier.
The mainland has two rainy periods (March - May and
September - November) and two slightly drier periods
(December - February and June - August).
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
28,051 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of residents
Malabo 179 300 (Estimated 2010)
Other major cities
Bata 230 500, Ebebiyin 33 500 (Estimated 2010)
Pico de Santa Isabel (at Bioko, 3 007 m asl)
Rio Benito, Rio Muni
Malabo 350 mm (Oct), 75 mm (Feb)
Malabo 27 °C (Feb), 25 °C (July)
Hosts for soccer tournament 2015
Equatorial Guinea will host the 2015 African Football Championship. The
country is replacing Morocco who backed out for fear of a widespread Ebola
epidemic in West Africa.
Obiang offers amnesty
President Obiang offers amnesty for political crimes in an attempt to get
exile politicians and other opposition parties to participate in a "national
dialogue". In the opposition, one doubts that the president's proposal is
Teodorín settles court in the United States
President Teodorín agrees with a US court to surrender property worth a
little over $ 30 million, which, according to the court, he bought for money he
snubbed from the Treasury in his home state. The money will be returned to
Equatorial Guinea in the form of aid and support to a relief organization
working in the country.
Theodorin is being investigated for money laundering
French prosecutors launch formal investigation into money laundering against
Equatorial Guinea's son Teodorín Obiang (see July 2012). He is
suspected of embezzling state funds to buy real estate and luxury goods in
France. Similar suspicions have been directed at him in the United States.
Teodorín Obiang is the second vice president in charge of defense and state