The shadow of the United States falls on the
history of the Dominican Republic. When the West Indies
in the early 1900s were unable to handle their foreign
debt, the United States occupied it for eight years,
assisting General Rafael Trujillo in power. Trujillo led
a terror until he was assassinated in 1961. When the
Left later came to power in free elections, the United
States intervened in a new invasion in 1965. Today,
poverty is widespread and the social divisions deep.
Trafficking in women and children is thriving in the
flow of tourists from North America and Europe.
Brief profiles of Dominican Republic, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The Dominican Republic is on the surface
slightly larger than Denmark and occupies two-thirds of
the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean (Caribbean).
On the western part of the island lies Haiti.
Hispaniola lies between Cuba and Puerto Rico in the
archipelago of the Greater Antilles. The island has the
Atlantic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean to the
south. Dominican Republic is second only to the surface
and population in the Caribbean (after Cuba).
Several parallel mountain ranges extend in an
east-west direction. In the largest, the Central
Cordillera (Cordillera Central), lies the Caribbean's
highest peak, Pico Duarte (3,175 meters). In the country
there is also the lowest point, the saline lake
Enriquillo which is 45 meters below sea level. The lake,
which is also the largest to the surface in the
Caribbean, is known for its rich bird life and for its
Fertile valleys and large plains spread between the
mountain ranges. In the large Ciba Valley in the north,
most of the agriculture is found. Along the coast there
are vast beaches and large mangrove swamps in their
The climate is tropical but relatively pleasant, it
is warm and humid but rarely extremely hot. The average
temperature is around 25 degrees. In the mountains it is
cooler, around 20 degrees, while on the coasts it is
about 28 degrees. The warmest months are August and
September, when the risk of hurricanes is also greatest.
Especially severe hurricanes hit 1930, 1979 and 1998. In
the fall of 2017, hurricanes Irma, José and Maria caused
The northeast winds from the Atlantic mean that it
rains most in the mountains in the northeast, where
there is more than 2,500 mm of precipitation a year. In
the west and southwest, along the border with Haiti,
only about 750 mm falls a year.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
48 311 km2 (2018)
Swedish –5 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Santo Domingo 3.6 million (in metropolitan area,
Other major cities
Santiago 750,000, La Romana 218,000, San Pedro de
Macorís 208,000 (Estimated 2017)
Pico Duarte (3 175 m asl)
Yaque del Norte
Average Precipitation / month
212 mm (May), 52 mm (March)
Average / day
Santo Domingo 27 °C (Aug), 24 °C (Feb)