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Area Codes in Dominican Republic


The shadow of the United States falls on the history of the Dominican Republic. When the West Indies in the early 1900s were unable to handle their foreign debt, the United States occupied it for eight years, assisting General Rafael Trujillo in power. Trujillo led a terror until he was assassinated in 1961. When the Left later came to power in free elections, the United States intervened in a new invasion in 1965. Today, poverty is widespread and the social divisions deep. Trafficking in women and children is thriving in the flow of tourists from North America and Europe.
  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Dominican Republic, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

Geography and climate

The Dominican Republic is on the surface slightly larger than Denmark and occupies two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean (Caribbean). On the western part of the island lies Haiti.

Hispaniola lies between Cuba and Puerto Rico in the archipelago of the Greater Antilles. The island has the Atlantic Ocean to the north and the Caribbean to the south. Dominican Republic is second only to the surface and population in the Caribbean (after Cuba).

Several parallel mountain ranges extend in an east-west direction. In the largest, the Central Cordillera (Cordillera Central), lies the Caribbean's highest peak, Pico Duarte (3,175 meters). In the country there is also the lowest point, the saline lake Enriquillo which is 45 meters below sea level. The lake, which is also the largest to the surface in the Caribbean, is known for its rich bird life and for its crocodiles.

Fertile valleys and large plains spread between the mountain ranges. In the large Ciba Valley in the north, most of the agriculture is found. Along the coast there are vast beaches and large mangrove swamps in their quarters.

Geography and climate of Dominican Republic

The climate is tropical but relatively pleasant, it is warm and humid but rarely extremely hot. The average temperature is around 25 degrees. In the mountains it is cooler, around 20 degrees, while on the coasts it is about 28 degrees. The warmest months are August and September, when the risk of hurricanes is also greatest. Especially severe hurricanes hit 1930, 1979 and 1998. In the fall of 2017, hurricanes Irma, José and Maria caused great devastation.

The northeast winds from the Atlantic mean that it rains most in the mountains in the northeast, where there is more than 2,500 mm of precipitation a year. In the west and southwest, along the border with Haiti, only about 750 mm falls a year.



48 311 km2 (2018)


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Adjacent country (s)


Capital with number of inhabitants

Santo Domingo 3.6 million (in metropolitan area, estimated 2017)

Other major cities

Santiago 750,000, La Romana 218,000, San Pedro de Macorís 208,000 (Estimated 2017)

Highest mountain

Pico Duarte (3 175 m asl)

Important rivers

Yaque del Norte

Largest lake

Lago Enriquillo

Average Precipitation / month

212 mm (May), 52 mm (March)

Average / day

Santo Domingo 27 °C (Aug), 24 °C (Feb)


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