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Area Codes in Djibouti


Djibouti is located on the Horn of Africa, where the Red Sea meets the Gulf of Aden. The country was a French colony until independence in 1977. Djibouti consists largely of desert and lacks almost entirely natural resources and arable land. The country derives its revenues from port operations, rail freight to Ethiopia and from leasing military bases to the United States, France, Japan, Italy and China.
  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Djibouti, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

Geography and climate

Djibouti on the surface is slightly larger than Värmland and is located in northeastern Africa at the southern inlet of the Red Sea. The country is barren and barren and consists of over 90 percent of deserts with volcanic cliffs and salt lakes. The climate is hot and dry.

Only in the mountains to the north is there a fairly comprehensive vegetation, consisting of grass and shrubs. There are several active volcanoes in the country - one added as late as 1978. Earthquakes are not uncommon.

With the exception of the highest mountains, the climate is hot and dry, especially from June to August. From October to April it is slightly cooler and more humid.

Most rain falls in November. It sometimes rains only 20 days a year and some years hardly at all. The sink around the salty Lake of Assals is one of the hottest areas in the earth where the temperature often exceeds 50 degrees.

Geography and climate of Djibouti



23,200 km2 (2018)


Swedish +2 hours

Adjacent country (s)

Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia ("Somaliland")

Capital with number of residents

Djibouti 568 800 (UN estimate 2019)

Other major cities

Dikhil, Tadjoura

Highest mountain

Moussa Ali (2,028 m asl)

Average Precipitation/month

25 mm (March), 1 mm (June)


36 °C (July), 25 °C (Jan)



Great government reform

President Guelleh is reforming the government. New Prime Minister becomes former Defense Minister Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed. Of the 24 ministers in the old government, however, only five, who have led less important ministries, are not allowed to keep their posts.


Contested election victory for the government

Parliamentary elections are held. Opinion polls suggest that the newly formed opposition alliance USN should be able to challenge the governmental alliance UMP. When the Interior Minister says that the UMP provisionally received 49 of the 65 seats, street protests erupt. USN representatives say that election fraud has occurred, including soldiers must have voted several times. The USN also believes that the large military presence at the polling stations has been perceived as threatening by opposition supporters. Foreign observers say they have not noted any major errors in the election arrangements. The protests are countered by riot police who put tear gas on the protesters. The Constitutional Council rejects the opposition's appeal of the election results on the grounds that it was submitted a day late. The election result is determined: UMP gets 43 seats, USN 21 and small party United Center Democrats get 1 seat.


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