Denmark was a regional power during the Viking
Age and the Kalmar Union. However, in
wars with Sweden, England and Germany during the 17th
and 19th centuries, most of the empire was lost. What
remained of the country has nevertheless developed into
a significant agricultural, commercial and maritime
nation. The industry is predominantly small-scale, but a
handful of companies are world leaders. The Danes are
among the world's richest, least corrupt and most
democratic, equal - and happy - people.
Brief profiles of Denmark, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
In addition to Denmark itself, the Kingdom of
Denmark also includes two areas of the North Atlantic
with far-reaching self-government: the Faroe Islands and
Greenland. The country is surrounded by the North Sea in
the west, Skagerrak in the north and Kattegatt and
Öresund in the east and the Baltic Sea in the south.
Denmark has a short land border with Germany in the
Denmark consists of the Jutland peninsula and over
400 islands, of which 74 are inhabited. The largest
islands are Zealand, Vendsyssel-Thy, Funen, Lolland,
Bornholm and Falster.
Denmark is a lowland, partly hilly moraine country
with an average altitude of 30 meters above sea level.
The highest natural points are Möllehöj, Yding Skovhöj
and Ejer Bavnehöj, all three of which are 171 meters
high and are close to each other in the forest and
lake-rich "highlands" in central Jutland. A large part
of the 730-mile coast consists of sandy beaches,
especially in the west. There are also coastal stretches
of chalk or moraine cliffs, beach meadows or forest.
Denmark is a prominent agricultural landscape. Only
16 percent of the land area is covered by forest, moors
and grassland, while 7 percent is meadows, mosses and
lakes. One tenth of the land area is covered by cities,
gardens, roads and railways.
Denmark has a temperate coastal climate with high
humidity. There is a lot of wind and the weather is
characterized by severe changes. The average temperature
is 0 °C in January and 16 °C in August. The most extreme
temperatures measured in Denmark are –31 °C and +36 °C.
The country receives an average of over 700 mm of
precipitation annually and has about 1,500 hours of
sunshine per year.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
43,094 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Copenhagen 1,200,000 (2011)
Other major cities
Aarhus 250,000, Odense 168,000, The Triangle Area (Vejle-Fredericia-Kolding-Middelfart)
163,000, Aalborg-Nørresundby 125,000, Esbjerg 72,000
highest natural point Möllehöj (171 m asl)
Average Precipitation / month
38 mm (Jun), 79 mm (Nov)
Average / day
16 °C (July), 0 °C (Jan)
Danish claims on the North Pole
Denmark is turning to the UN to have its claim in a large area of the
Arctic recognized by the World Organization. The current area, which includes
the North Pole, is 20 times the size of Denmark and probably contains rich
Denmark participates in air strikes against IS
The government decides that Denmark should participate in the US-led air
strikes against the Islamic State (IS) extremist Islamist group, which has taken
brutal control of parts of Iraq and Syria. Denmark will contribute seven fighter
Danish People's Party largest in EU elections
In the Danish elections to the European Parliament, the Danish People's Party
is the largest with almost 27 percent of the vote (4 out of 13 seats). The party
is considered to have benefited from a debate on "welfare tourism" during the
election campaign. The Social Democracy is second largest with 19 percent (3
seats). The left backs to 17 percent (2 seats), while the Socialist People's
Party gets 11 percent (1 seats). Conservative People's Party gets 9 percent (1
mandate). The people's movement towards the EU wins 8 percent (1 mandate), while
1 mandate goes to the Radical Left, which receives 6.5 percent of the vote. The
turnout is just over 56 percent.
Noisy when the right extremes demonstrate
Eleven people are arrested in connection with the right-wing party National
Demonstration demonstrating in front of the Copenhagen parliament. The arrests
occur when protesters clash with left-wing groups who have called for
Socialist People's Party leaves the government
The Socialist People's Party ministers resign, including Foreign Minister
Holger K Nielsen. The defection is rooted in the internal divide within the
party. A central dispute is the government's plans to sell 19 percent of the
shares in the state-owned energy company Dong to a consortium led by the US
investment bank Goldman Sachs. The party management supports the sale, while the
party's grass roots are opposed. The minority government remains, though in a
weakened state. Energy Minister Martin Lidegaard from the Radical Left becomes
new Foreign Minister.
Conflict over plans for uranium mining in Greenland
The Danish government opposes Greenland's plans for uranium mining and
uranium exports. Prime Minister Thorning-Schmidt, in a meeting with the
Greenland Government, explains that the issue belongs to the defense, foreign
and security policy that is decided in Copenhagen. If the two governments cannot
agree, the matter will be decided by the Supreme Court of Denmark.