Croatia lies partly on the Balkan Peninsula, in
the border country between Central and South-Eastern
Europe. It is a crescent-shaped country with over a
thousand islands in the archipelago off the beautiful
Dalmatian coast. The former Yugoslav republic became
independent in 1991 and has since gone from war and
authoritarian rule to being a member of NATO and - from
1 July 2013 - also in the EU.
Brief profiles of Croatia, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Croatia is partly on the Balkan Peninsula, in
the borderland between Central and South-Eastern Europe,
and is large as half Lapland. The country consists of a
long narrow coastal region towards the Adriatic Sea and
an inland area with both mountains and fertile plains.
Most of Croatia has an inland climate.
The coastal region extends from the border with
Slovenia in the northwest and tapers off to a tip in the
south-east, where there is a short border with
Montenegro. Most of the coastal region borders on
Bosnia-Herzegovina which protrudes into Croatia and
gives the country's map image its characteristic
crescent shape. The coastal strip is broken north of the
city of Dubrovnik, near the tip in the southeast, by a
small land tongue belonging to Bosnia-Herzegovina. The
coastal area mainly belongs to the historical regions of
Istria and Dalmatia. Off the coast is an archipelago
with over 1,200 islands.
The inland area can be divided into two parts. The
highlands in the middle part of Croatia, where the
capital Zagreb is located, have mountain peaks over
1,600 meters above sea level. Northeastern Croatia
consists of low-lying and fertile agricultural
countryside and mainly comprises the region of Slavonia,
which borders Serbia farthest east.
The river Sava forms a border between the
northeastern part of Croatia and Bosnia, while the river
Drava flows along the border with Hungary in the north.
The coastal region's border with Bosnia consists of the
The inland climate means predominantly hot summers
and cold, snowy winters. In the coastal area, however,
there is typically a Mediterranean climate with mild and
humid winters and warm, sunny summers. The rainfall is
evenly distributed over the year.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
56 538 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
Capital with number of inhabitants
Zagreb 791,000 (Census 2011)
Other major cities
Split 178,000, Rijeka 129,000, Osijek 108,000 (Census
Dinara (1,830 m asl)
Average Precipitation / month
Zagreb 30 mm (Feb), 95 mm (Jun)
Average / day
Zagreb 0 °C (Jan), 22 °C (July)
New government is formed
The new four-party government takes office, with SDP leader Zoran Milanović
as new prime minister.
The left wins parliamentary elections
The Left Alliance Kukuriku receives 80 of the 151 seats and thus the
opportunity to form a majority government. Kukuriku includes the Social
Democratic SDP as well as three smaller parties: the central party HNS, the
regional Istrian party IDS and the pensioner party HSU (see Political system).
The HDZ-led right-wing coalition receives 44 seats.
HDZ should be investigated
Prime Minister Kosor states that HDZ will cooperate with an official
investigation into cheating and corruption in the party.
The last wanted war criminal is arrested
Croatian Serb Goran Hadžić is arrested in Serbia and handed over to the Hague
Tribunal, which charged him with war crimes. Hadzić is the last of the 161
people to be prosecuted by the court.
Clear signs from the EU
The EU confirms that Croatia has fulfilled the last conditions set in the
Ex-generals are sentenced in The Hague
Following a three-year trial, convictions in the UN War Criminal Tribunal in
The Hague come against three former Croatian generals charged with war crimes
against Serbs in connection with Croatia regaining control of Krajina in 1995.
Ante Gotovina and Mladen Markač are sentenced to 24 and 18 years in prison
respectively. ethnic cleansing while Ivan Čermak is freed. Nationalists in
Croatia protest loudly against the convicting judges. Prime Minister Kosor calls
Demonstrations against the government
Several demonstrations are being held against rising unemployment and
deteriorating living conditions. The protesters demand the resignation of the
government, wage increases and the nationalization of foreign-owned banks.