The former French colony of Comoros is a
collection of islands located between Madagascar and the
African East Coast. Despite beautiful scenery and
beautiful beaches, the country has not been able to
realize its potential as a tourist destination.
Political instability, bad communications, corruption
and inefficient economics stand in the way.
Brief profiles of Comoros, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The Comoros archipelago lies between the east
coast of Africa and northern Madagascar. It consists of
four larger islands and several small islands. The
Comorian state comprises three of the main islands:
Grand Comore (in Comorian Njazidja), Anjouan (Nzwani)
and Mohéli (Mwali).
At independence in 1977, the islands were officially
named Comorian, but the French names have continued to
be used. When the islands got their own constitution in
2001, Anjouan chose to use the French name, while the
other two preferred the Comorian. Internationally the
French names are usually used, sometimes in English
version. In this text, we try, for practical reasons, to
adhere to the French names.
The state of the Comoros claims the island group's
fourth island, Mayotte, which has been administered by
France since the islanders in 1976 voted no to
independence. Since 2011, Mayotte has been a French
department, which means that the island is fully
integrated into the French state.
The four major islands are of volcanic origin and the
highest mountain, Kartala on Grand Comore, is an active
volcano. Savannah and plantations dominate the interior
of the islands, while the coasts are often marshy. The
forests that previously covered the islands have been
devastated and soil degradation is a major problem.
Grand Comore is the largest of the islands with more
than half of the state's land area. The capital Moroni
is located on the mountainous island, whose thin, rocky
ground is not suitable for cultivation. Mohéli, the
smallest of the islands, consists mainly of a high
plateau with fertile valleys and wooded slopes. Anjouan
has a lot of smaller plantations.
Comoros have an interesting wildlife, with many
unique species of birds and lemurs (semi-monkeys). In
the Comorian waters live the broom fin, a fish that was
believed to have died out 70 million years ago until a
first specimen was found in 1938. Subsequently, the
broom fin has been discovered in several places on
earth, including in the waters around the Comoros and in
The Comoros have a tropical climate, with a dry
period May – October and a rainy season November –
In November, the summer monsoon, called kashkazi,
gives the highest daytime temperatures, around 33
degrees. January is the rainiest month. In the highest
mountains on the island of Grand Comore, the temperature
can drop to zero in July and August.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
1,862 km2 (2018)
Swedish +2 hours
Capital with number of inhabitants
Moroni 55 900 (at Grand Comore 1
Other major cities
Mutsamudu (on Anjouan), Fomboni (on Mohéli)
Kartala (on Grand Comore 2
Average Precipitation / year
1 500–5 000 mm
Average / day
23-28 °C all year round
1st estimate 2014)
2. 2,361 m h)
AU extends its sanctions against Anjouan by blocking its fleet.
Sanctions against leaders at Anjouan
The African Union (AU) regional cooperation organization introduces sanctions
against Bacar and other leaders at Anjouan.
Local presidents are elected - Bacar remains
New local presidents are elected on the islands of Grand Comore and Mohéli.
The election that Bacar holds at Anjouan is annulled by the Federal Union
Government. Despite this, Bacar installs himself on the presidential post after
declaring himself a contender.
President Bacar refuses to resign
The Constitutional Court declares the presidential post on the island of
Anjouan vacant since the term of office of local leader Mohamed Bacar. An
interim president is appointed, but Bacar refuses to resign.