Cape Verde is a democratically controlled
republic. Stability has made this island nation off the
west coast of Africa one of the region's most developed
countries. The residents have a relatively high standard
of living, thanks to foreign aid and income from tourism
and fishing. However, many cutting values still live
abroad. It is the result of a history of extensive
emigration due to long periods of drought and famine.
Brief profiles of Cape Verde, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Cape Verde is located in the Atlantic Ocean,
about 50 miles outside Senegal on the west coast of
Africa. The country consists of 15 islands with a total
land area of Gästrikland size. Only nine of the
islands are populated. The capital Praia is located on
the largest island, São Tiago. Other major islands are
Santo Antão, Boa Vista, Fogo and São Nicolau.
Cape Verde is mountainous and rocky. All the islands
- except the low-lying Sal, Boa Vista and Maio in the
east - rise up steeply and high out of the Atlantic. The
landscape is deeply scarred by volcanic activity and
soil erosion (erosion). On Fogo lies the active volcano
Pico do Cano, whose peak at 2,829 meters above sea level
is the highest point in the country.
The vegetation is sparse. Only here and there is the
barren landscape broken by green areas, usually banana
cultivations or oases.
Cape Verde is divided into two geographical regions:
northern Barlavento and southern Sotavento. The division
is based on the region's position in relation to the
northeast winds that almost always blow over the
Cape Verde is located in the arid Sahel region and
periodically suffers severe drought. Rain usually falls
only for two or three months a year. Between 1968 and
1984 the rainfall almost completely disappeared.
The surrounding sea gives the country a consistent
temperature year round; as low as an average of 22
degrees in February, as high as 27 degrees in September.
The northeast passage dominates with northeast winds
all year round. At the beginning of the year, winds
often bring sand and dust from the Sahara.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
4,033 km2 (2018)
Swedish - 2 hours
Adjacent country (s)
as an island republic lacking Cape Verde neighboring
Capital with number of residents
Praia 132,000 (estimated 2010)
Other major cities
Mindelo 77 500 (Estimated 2010)
Pico do Cano (2,829 m asl)
Hall 10 mm (April-June), 34 mm (Sept)
Sal 21 °C (Feb), 27 °C (Sept)
Outbreak of dengue fever
An outbreak of tropical fever dengue leads to the introduction of emergency
permits throughout the country. When the spread is at its worst, over a thousand
people get sick every day. The entire population is mobilized, together with
police and military, to eradicate the mosquitoes that spread the disease. Staff
from the World Health Organization WHO arrive to assist in the work. It is the
first known dengue epidemic in Cape Verde.
Visit by US Secretary of State
Hillary Clinton makes a trip to seven African countries, including Cape