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Area Codes in Cameroon

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Cameroon is located at the bend of the African Atlantic coast. The country has a relatively strong economy thanks to rich mineral resources and good conditions for agriculture. Yet over a third of the residents are poor. Cameroon is plagued by a separatist uprising in the English-speaking areas and by acts of violence from the Islamist extremist movement Boko Haram in the north.
  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Cameroon, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

Geography and climate

Cameroon is located in the transition between western and central Africa and has a 20-mile coast on the Gulf of Guinea. The climate in the country is tropical and varies greatly between south and north.

Cameroon is on the surface slightly larger than Sweden and has the shape of a triangle with a tip in the southwest towards the Atlantic, one in the north towards Lake Chad and one in the southeast towards the border with the Central African Republic and Congo-Brazzaville.

Nature is varied. Southern Cameroon is covered by rainforest. To the north, there is a high plateau (900–1 520 m above sea level), and in the far north a lower savannah landscape spreads out.

To the west, near the border with Nigeria, rises a mountain range, the highest peak of which is the Cameroon mountain volcano - the highest mountain in western and central Africa. The area is geologically troubled. In August 1986, toxic volcanic gas burst from the bottom of the crater lake Nyo, causing over 1,700 people to die. In 1999, Cameroon Mountain had its sixth outbreak since 1902. Seismographic equipment has been installed to predict when an outbreak is on its way.

Geography and climate of Cameroon

Southern Cameroon has two rainy periods and abundant rainfall. On the high plateau in the middle of the country, it is drier, with a rainy season per year. The proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the high altitude difference make the mountain area to the west one of the rainiest in the world - in some places over 10,000 mm of rain falls annually.

FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

Surface

475 442 km2 (2018)

Time

Swedish

Adjacent country (s)

Nigeria, Chad, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea

Capital with number of residents

Yaoundé 3,822,000 (with suburbs, UN estimate 2019)

Other major cities

Douala 3,536,000, Bamenda 514,000, Loum 472,000, Mbouda 455,000, Bafoussam 411,000 (with suburbs, UN estimate 2019)

Highest mountain

Cameroon Mountain (4,070 m asl)

Important rivers

Sanaga, Bénué

Average Precipitation/year

Yaoundé 1 555 mm, Douala 4 026 mm

Average/day

Yaoundé 24 °C (Jan), 23 °C (July)

2016

December

Continued unrest in western Cameroon

13th of December

The unrest among the English-speaking minority continues and spreads to the cities of Buea and Kumba in the southwest. Teachers, lawyers and journalists require work materials and official documents in English. The protests include demands for a federal system of self-government for the English-speaking regions and also demands for a completely independent English-speaking state.

Newspapers are banned

December 6

The National Council for Communications accuses the newspapers L'Aurore, L'Aurore Plus and Dépêche du Cameroun of slander and bans them permanently. Fifteen other newspapers, a radio program and 27 newspaper managers or journalists are also suspended for publishing "unfounded and insinuating information". Most people are prohibited from working for six months up to one year.

November

Unrest among English speakers

November 23

Violent clashes between police and members of the English-speaking minority are reported from the city of Bamenda in the northwest. Three people are said to have been killed. The unrest must have erupted since English-speaking teachers called for a strike in protest of the authorities increasingly employing French-speaking teachers. There is also a demand that the government-appointed mayor resign. President Biya has decided that the mayors of the larger cities should be appointed by the state instead of being elected by the people since opposition candidates won several elections.

October

English-speaking lawyers demonstrate

October 30th

A group of English-speaking lawyers are organizing a demonstration in Bamenda in the North West region in protest of the use of the French language throughout the judiciary and the absence of legal documents in English. The demonstration will be the start of a series of similar demonstrations as well as more general dissatisfaction protests in the English-speaking areas.

July

Cameroon is accused of torture

July 22nd

Cameroon authorities are committing serious human rights violations in the fight against Boko Haram, writes Amnesty International. For example, they are guilty of arbitrary arrests. Those who are arrested on suspicion of conspiracy with Boko Haram are subjected to torture and starvation, and are often affected by illnesses that cause six to eight deaths per month.

June

Employees at Biya are imprisoned

June 22

A former deputy minister and close associate of President Biya are sentenced to 25 years in prison for embezzling the equivalent of about SEK 40 million. The money must have been intended for an aircraft on behalf of the president.

May

Criticism against deforestation

The environmental organization Greenpeace criticizes Cameroon for allowing exports of illegally harvested forest. According to Greenpeace, the timber exporter CCT supplies timber from the company La Socamba, which is accused of cutting down forests far outside the area where it is licensed. According to Greenpeace, the illegal timber is sold to Europe and China. The forests in Cameroon are described as among the most rich in the Congo basin. They are home to both lowland gorillas and chimpanzees as well as forest elephants.

January

Suicidal acts in the marketplace

January 25

Thirty-two people are killed when at least three suicide bombers strike a marketplace in northern Cameroon.

Suicide bombing in mosque

January 13

Twelve people are killed in a suicide attack in a mosque in northern Cameroon.

 

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