Cameroon is located at the bend of the African
Atlantic coast. The country has a relatively strong
economy thanks to rich mineral resources and good
conditions for agriculture. Yet over a third of the
residents are poor. Cameroon is plagued by a separatist
uprising in the English-speaking areas and by acts of
violence from the Islamist extremist movement Boko Haram
in the north.
Brief profiles of Cameroon, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Cameroon is located in the transition between
western and central Africa and has a 20-mile coast on
the Gulf of Guinea. The climate in the country is
tropical and varies greatly between south and north.
Cameroon is on the surface slightly larger than
Sweden and has the shape of a triangle with a tip in the
southwest towards the Atlantic, one in the north towards
Lake Chad and one in the southeast towards the border
with the Central African Republic and Congo-Brazzaville.
Nature is varied. Southern Cameroon is covered by
rainforest. To the north, there is a high plateau (900–1
520 m above sea level), and in the far north a lower
savannah landscape spreads out.
To the west, near the border with Nigeria, rises a
mountain range, the highest peak of which is the
Cameroon mountain volcano - the highest mountain in
western and central Africa. The area is geologically
troubled. In August 1986, toxic volcanic gas burst from
the bottom of the crater lake Nyo, causing over 1,700
people to die. In 1999, Cameroon Mountain had its sixth
outbreak since 1902. Seismographic equipment has been
installed to predict when an outbreak is on its way.
Southern Cameroon has two rainy periods and abundant
rainfall. On the high plateau in the middle of the
country, it is drier, with a rainy season per year. The
proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the high altitude
difference make the mountain area to the west one of the
rainiest in the world - in some places over 10,000 mm of
rain falls annually.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
475 442 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Nigeria, Chad, Central African Republic,
Congo-Brazzaville, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea
Capital with number of residents
Yaoundé 3,822,000 (with suburbs, UN estimate 2019)
Other major cities
Douala 3,536,000, Bamenda 514,000, Loum 472,000,
Mbouda 455,000, Bafoussam 411,000 (with suburbs, UN
Cameroon Mountain (4,070 m asl)
Yaoundé 1 555 mm, Douala 4 026 mm
Yaoundé 24 °C (Jan), 23 °C (July)
Continued unrest in western Cameroon
13th of December
The unrest among the English-speaking minority continues and spreads to the
cities of Buea and Kumba in the southwest. Teachers, lawyers and journalists
require work materials and official documents in English. The protests include
demands for a federal system of self-government for the English-speaking regions
and also demands for a completely independent English-speaking state.
Newspapers are banned
The National Council for Communications accuses the newspapers L'Aurore,
L'Aurore Plus and Dépêche du Cameroun of slander and bans them permanently.
Fifteen other newspapers, a radio program and 27 newspaper managers or
journalists are also suspended for publishing "unfounded and insinuating
information". Most people are prohibited from working for six months up to one
Unrest among English speakers
Violent clashes between police and members of the English-speaking minority
are reported from the city of Bamenda in the northwest. Three people are said to
have been killed. The unrest must have erupted since English-speaking teachers
called for a strike in protest of the authorities increasingly employing
French-speaking teachers. There is also a demand that the government-appointed
mayor resign. President Biya has decided that the mayors of the larger cities
should be appointed by the state instead of being elected by the people since
opposition candidates won several elections.
English-speaking lawyers demonstrate
A group of English-speaking lawyers are organizing a demonstration in Bamenda
in the North West region in protest of the use of the French language throughout
the judiciary and the absence of legal documents in English. The demonstration
will be the start of a series of similar demonstrations as well as more general
dissatisfaction protests in the English-speaking areas.
Cameroon is accused of torture
Cameroon authorities are committing serious human rights violations in the
fight against Boko Haram, writes Amnesty International. For example, they are
guilty of arbitrary arrests. Those who are arrested on suspicion of conspiracy
with Boko Haram are subjected to torture and starvation, and are often affected
by illnesses that cause six to eight deaths per month.
Employees at Biya are imprisoned
A former deputy minister and close associate of President Biya are sentenced
to 25 years in prison for embezzling the equivalent of about SEK 40 million. The
money must have been intended for an aircraft on behalf of the president.
Criticism against deforestation
The environmental organization Greenpeace criticizes Cameroon for allowing
exports of illegally harvested forest. According to Greenpeace, the timber
exporter CCT supplies timber from the company La Socamba, which is accused of
cutting down forests far outside the area where it is licensed. According to
Greenpeace, the illegal timber is sold to Europe and China. The forests in
Cameroon are described as among the most rich in the Congo basin. They are home
to both lowland gorillas and chimpanzees as well as forest elephants.
Suicidal acts in the marketplace
Thirty-two people are killed when at least three suicide bombers strike a
marketplace in northern Cameroon.
Suicide bombing in mosque
Twelve people are killed in a suicide attack in a mosque in northern