Little Burundi in central Africa is a densely
populated country with a large majority of Hutus and a
minority of Tutsis. Burundi's modern history is
characterized by violent conflicts between the two
ethnic groups, which have cost hundreds of thousands of
Burundians their lives. In 2005 the country was given a
new constitution which prescribes the division of power.
When the Hut-dominated government tried to change the
balance of power in 2015, new unrest broke out. The
economy is based on coffee exports and external
Brief profiles of Burundi, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Burundi in East Central Africa is one of the
continent's smallest countries. The landscape is
dominated by a high plateau of 1,500-2,000 meters.
Burundi is located just south of the equator and is part
of the tropical climate zone.
In western Burundi, the mountains descend steeply
towards a low-lying strip of land that runs along Lake
Tanganyika and neighboring Congo-Kinshasa. The Ruzizi
River forms a border with Congo-Kinshasa and links Lake
Tanganyika with Lake Kivus.
Previously, most of Burundi was covered by wooded
savanna, but the trees have been cut down and used as
firewood and timber and the ground is heavily fenced by
tambourine. Most wild animals are extinct.
Although Burundi is located in the tropical climate
zone, the high altitude means that most of the country
has a pleasant climate. In the lowlands to the west,
however, it is hot and humid. Rainy periods occur March
– May and September – December.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
27,834 km2 (2018)
Swedish +1 hour
Adjacent country (s)
Rwanda, Tanzania, Congo-Kinshasa
Capital with number of residents
Gitega about 42,000 (Census 2008) 1
Other major cities
Bujumbura about 1,000,000 (UN estimate 2020); Ngozi
Heha (2,670 m asl)
Bujumbura 110 mm (April), 10 mm (July)
Bujumbura 24 °C (Jan), 22 °C (July)
- Gitega became the formal capital of 2018.
Before that, Bujumbura with about 1 million
residents (2020) was the capital.Sources
Many dead in massacres
At least 36 people are murdered at a bar in Gatumba,
about a mile west of Bujumbura. According to survivors,
some of the attackers wore military camouflage clothing.
The massacre is the worst individual act so far since
the violence escalated after the disputed elections in
Attacks in Bujumbura
Unknown militia carry out armed attacks in Bujumbura.
New demands on political parties
Parliament adopts a law that tightens the demands on
the political parties' membership numbers and working
methods. The Ministry of the Interior shall monitor that
the parties comply with their statutes. The law is
handed over to the President for signature.