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Area Codes in Burundi


Little Burundi in central Africa is a densely populated country with a large majority of Hutus and a minority of Tutsis. Burundi's modern history is characterized by violent conflicts between the two ethnic groups, which have cost hundreds of thousands of Burundians their lives. In 2005 the country was given a new constitution which prescribes the division of power. When the Hut-dominated government tried to change the balance of power in 2015, new unrest broke out. The economy is based on coffee exports and external assistance.
  • Abbreviationfinder: Brief profiles of Burundi, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.

Geography and climate

Burundi in East Central Africa is one of the continent's smallest countries. The landscape is dominated by a high plateau of 1,500-2,000 meters. Burundi is located just south of the equator and is part of the tropical climate zone.

In western Burundi, the mountains descend steeply towards a low-lying strip of land that runs along Lake Tanganyika and neighboring Congo-Kinshasa. The Ruzizi River forms a border with Congo-Kinshasa and links Lake Tanganyika with Lake Kivus.

Previously, most of Burundi was covered by wooded savanna, but the trees have been cut down and used as firewood and timber and the ground is heavily fenced by tambourine. Most wild animals are extinct.

Although Burundi is located in the tropical climate zone, the high altitude means that most of the country has a pleasant climate. In the lowlands to the west, however, it is hot and humid. Rainy periods occur March – May and September – December.

Geography and climate of Burundi



27,834 km2 (2018)


Swedish +1 hour

Adjacent country (s)

Rwanda, Tanzania, Congo-Kinshasa

Capital with number of residents

Gitega about 42,000 (Census 2008) 1

Other major cities

Bujumbura about 1,000,000 (UN estimate 2020); Ngozi

Highest mountain

Heha (2,670 m asl)

Important rivers


Largest lake

Lake Tanganyika

Average Precipitation/month

Bujumbura 110 mm (April), 10 mm (July)


Bujumbura 24 C (Jan), 22 C (July)

  1. Gitega became the formal capital of 2018. Before that, Bujumbura with about 1 million residents (2020) was the capital.Sources



Many dead in massacres

At least 36 people are murdered at a bar in Gatumba, about a mile west of Bujumbura. According to survivors, some of the attackers wore military camouflage clothing. The massacre is the worst individual act so far since the violence escalated after the disputed elections in 2010.


Attacks in Bujumbura

Unknown militia carry out armed attacks in Bujumbura.


New demands on political parties

Parliament adopts a law that tightens the demands on the political parties' membership numbers and working methods. The Ministry of the Interior shall monitor that the parties comply with their statutes. The law is handed over to the President for signature.


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