The Brunei Sultanate is located in Southeast
Asia on the north coast of the island of Borneo. Two out
of three residents are Muslim Malays. Chinese and other
minorities do not automatically gain citizenship, even
though they are born in Brunei. In practice, royal
monarchy prevails. Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah has been in
power since 1967 and comes from a family that has ruled
the country for over 400 years. Large resources of oil
and natural gas have made Brunei a rich country.
Brief profiles of Brunei, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
On the south-east Asian island of Borneo's
north coast lies the Sultanate of Brunei. It has a coast
towards the South China Sea to the north and is
otherwise enclosed by the Malaysian state of Sarawak,
which cuts into Brunei and divides it into two halves.
Brunei is on the surface slightly larger than Halland.
It consists mostly of lowland, covered by tropical
rainforest. On the coast there is mangrove swamp.
The climate in Brunei is tropical, that is, hot and
humid. Rain falls throughout the year but especially
from October to March. In November and December, the
monsoon rains fall.