Bhutan is a small kingdom wedged between India
and China in the Himalayas. For hundreds of years the
mountain country was isolated from the outside world; it
was not until the 1960s that an outward opening
occurred. Since the King gave up his absolute power in
the late 1990s, democratization has been gradually
carried out. Most Bhutanese live on self-catering
agriculture. For the state, tourism and export of
electricity are important sources of income.
Brief profiles of Bhutan, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Bhutan is a small kingdom wedged between the
two giants India and China in the eastern part of the
Himalayas. The country's official name is Druk-Yul,
which means the land of the Thunder Dragon. The climate
varies greatly with the height above the sea.
Bhutan rises from the plains of the south to the
Tibetan high plateau in the north. Geographically, the
country is reminiscent of Switzerland; it is about the
same size, has a similar shape, lacks the coast and
consists largely of high mountains.
Bhutan can be divided into three zones. In the fairly
low-lying southern part there are savanna and
grasslands. Most of the population lives in fertile
valleys in the wooded upland area in the middle of the
country, at a height of between 1,500 and 3,000 meters.
The capital Thimphu is located in the western part of
the highlands, at an altitude of 2,300 meters. In the
far north, mighty mountains dominate more than 7,000
meters above sea level.
The large geographical variations make Bhutan one of
the world's richest countries in terms of size.
The climate varies greatly between the different
regions and with the height above the sea. The
variations are also great in all regions, sometimes from
one valley to the other.
In southern Bhutan, it is hot and humid all year
round. Here, up to 5,000 millimeters of rain a year, in
their places. It is considerably cooler in the middle
zone, which averages around 1,000 millimeters of
rainfall per year. In the north there is a severe alpine
climate with constant snow on the mountain peaks. The
rainfall is only about 400 millimeters per year.
Most of the rain falls from June to September; then
the southwest monsoon provides between 60 and 90 percent
of the annual rainfall.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
46,500 km2 (2018)
Swedish +5 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Thimphu 114 551 (census 2017)
Other major cities
Phuentsholing 27 658, Gelephu 9 858, Wangdue 8 954
Gangkhar Puensum (7,561 m asl)
Sankosh, Manas, Drangme
Average Precipitation / month
Thimphu 20 mm (March), 220 mm (Aug)
Average / day
Thimphu 20 °C (July), 7 °C (Jan)