Benin is a narrow strip of land on the Gulf of
Guinea in West Africa. On a land area corresponding to a
quarter of Sweden's lives, up to eleven million people
live. After independence from colonial power France in
1960, Benin first became notorious for military coups,
and then known as a Marxist-Leninist one-party state.
But since the early 1990s, the country has been
something of a democratic example in the region. The
economy is based mainly on cotton cultivation.
Brief profiles of Benin, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Benin in West Africa borders east to Nigeria,
north and northwest to Niger and Burkina Faso, and west
to Togo. To the south, the narrow Benin has a short
stretch of coastline along the Atlantic, at the part of
the Gulf of Guinea called the Bay of Benin and which
gave the country its name. The height differences are
small in the country, which is one of Africa's smallest.
From the coast just over 12 miles long, the country
extends 70 miles straight north. The coastal strip
consists of a long sand reel. Behind this there are
large lagoons and lakes with outlets in the Gulf of
Benin. Next is the Terre de Barre, which is a fertile
plains landscape. Benin also consists of low-lying
savannah, which is interrupted at the far north-west by
the Atakora Mountains with the highest point in the
country, just over 600 meters above sea level. In the
northeast, the Niger River forms part of the border with
The climate in southern Benin is hot and humid with
two rainy periods (mainly April - mid July but also mid
September - late October). In the north, the climate is
more clearly divided into a dry period from December to
March, when desert winds (so-called harmattan) can blow
in from the Sahara, while the rainy season falls between
June and early October. March and April are the hottest
months; It is the coolest and driest between November
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
112 622 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Togo, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria
Capital with number of residents
Porto Novo 267,000 (President and Government,
however, located in Cotonou 779,000) (estimated 2012)
Other major cities
Abomey-Calavi 453,000, Djougou 237,000, Parakou
207,000 (Estimated 2012)
Atakora Mountains (601 m asl)
Porto Novo 1 300 mm
Porto Novo 28 °C (Jan), 26 °C (July)
Yayi dismisses the government
President Yayi dismisses his entire government on the
grounds that he wants to renew it. Of 26 ministers in
the new government, half are newcomers. All belong to
parties that are close to the president. The appointment
of a new prime minister is delayed for unclear reasons.
"No attempted suicide"
An appeals court ruled in May, from a lower court,
that there had been no attempt to poison President Yayi.
The Court reiterates the requirement that the accused be
released. The prosecutor says, however, that the persons
should be detained pending an appeal to the Supreme
Court demands release of suspected murder
A lower court has ruled that the charges against the
people arrested in October 2012 are suspected of having
plotted to assassinate President Yayi as baseless. The
Court calls on the authorities to release the accused.
Three are suspected of plans to overthrow Yayi
Police arrest two people and arrest a third suspected
of plotting to overthrow President Yayi and give the
military power. One of the arrested is a close associate
of one of those arrested in 2012 for a suspected
attempted murder of the president. It is likely that
there is a connection between both events.