Belize, formerly called British Honduras, became
independent in 1981. The country is located in Central
America but has more in common with the island nations
of the Caribbean than with the Spanish-speaking
neighboring countries. English is the official language.
Tourism has emerged as the largest source of income;
foreign visitors are attracted by, among other things,
the world's second longest coral reef. Formal Head of
State is the British Queen, represented by a Governor
Brief profiles of Belize, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Belize is located on the east coast of
Central America and on the surface is slightly larger
than Värmland. Off the coast to the Caribbean in the
east are a number of islands and the longest coral reef
of the western hemisphere.
Along the coast there are marshes and lagoons. The
northern part of Belize is made up of plains, while the
south is dominated by the Maya Mountains with peaks over
1,000 meters above sea level. Belize borders Mexico in
the north and Guatemala in the west and south.
The climate is predominantly tropical with high
temperature and high humidity. In the north it rains
from April to May and December and in the south the
rainy season is slightly longer. On the coast, the
temperature is lowered by winds from the Atlantic.
Between June and November, Belize is sometimes hit by
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
22,965 km2 (2018)
Swedish -7 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Belmopan 14,500 (estimated 2011)
Other major cities
Belize City 65,000, San Ignacio / Santa Elena 17,000
Victoria Peak (1 122 m asl)
Average Precipitation / year
1 350 mm in the north, 4,500 mm in the south
Average / day
27 °C (May – Sept), 24 °C (Nov – Jan)