Farther east in the Caribbean lies the former
British colony of Barbados. The inhabitants are mostly
descendants of African slaves who were brought to the
island to work on sugar plantations. The population
density is among the highest in the world. Political and
economic stability have paved the way for a high
standard of living. Tourism and financial services have
replaced sugar as a backbone of the economy.
Brief profiles of Barbados, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Barbados is the easternmost island in the
Caribbean (Caribbean) and belongs to the small group of
Antilles. The island is just over two miles where it is
at its widest and three and a half miles long. The
distance to the nearest neighboring countries, Saint
Vincent and the Grenadines and Saint Lucia, is just over
Three-quarters of Barbados coral island surface
consists of a low-lying limestone plateau. Only in the
northeast is the landscape hilly. Much of the natural
vegetation has been destroyed by intensive cultivation
of sugar cane. Typical of vegetation are the figs whose
exposed root system is believed to have inspired
Portuguese in the 16th century to give the island the
name Os Barbados (the bearded).
The climate is tropical, but temperate winds from the
north and northeast keep the temperatures down slightly.
It is usually between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius.
Barbados is on the outskirts of the Atlantic
Hurricane belt and has not suffered any major
devastation due to tropical storms since 1955. However,
it rains a lot during the hurricane season, from July to
November. In addition, the risk of hurricanes and other
natural disasters increases with climate change, and
like all small islands, Barbados is threatened by rising
430 km2 (2018)
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Capital with number of inhabitants
Bridgetown 110,000 (2016 estimate)
Other major cities
Hillaby Mountain (340 m asl)