When Christopher Columbus landed in the "New
World" in 1492 it was on one of the Bahamas he stepped
ashore. Then the archipelago was considered barren and
uninteresting. Nowadays, the Bahamas is a popular
tourist destination and has developed into one of the
richest countries in the Caribbean. The standard of
living is high, but the Bahamas has problems with
increasing crime and illegal immigration.
Brief profiles of Bahamas, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
The Bahamas, located between Cuba and the
Atlantic, consists of 15 larger and nearly 700 smaller
coral islands. The islands extend into a nearly
80-mile-long band between Florida in the northwest and
Haiti in the southeast.
The Bahamas together with the British territory of
the Turks and Caicos Islands island chain Lucaya. The
Greater Antilles, which includes Cuba, separates Lucaya
from the Caribbean and some sources therefore do not
count the Bahamas to the Caribbean, but to the
Caribbean. However, the Caribbean and the Caribbean are
usually used as synonyms.
The Bahamas have an area that corresponds to
Hälsingland. The largest island of Andros - sometimes
considered as several islands connected by the delta and
swamps - occupies almost half the land area. Other major
islands are Great Inagua, Great Abaco and Grand Bahama.
The capital of Nassau is located on the island of New
Providence. Only about 30 of the hundreds of islands are
On the larger islands in the north there are forests
of Caribbean pine, but most of the islands are barren
and flat. There are no watercourses and fresh water is a
scarcity, especially in the south. Andros is the world's
third largest barrier reef.
The climate in the Bahamas lies in the borderland
between subtropical and tropical. The Gulf Stream and
the passage winds from the Atlantic contribute to
relatively small differences in temperature during the
day as well as the year. In the summer it is humid and
hot throughout the country. Winters are cooler and the
difference is greater between north and south. Cold air
sometimes sweeps down from the north, causing heavy
rains and surprisingly low temperatures.
The rainfall is greatest between June and September.
Tropical hurricanes during late summer sometimes cause
great havoc, especially as the islands are low.
Hurricane Dorian, which swept across the Bahamas in
September 2019, claimed at least 50 lives and around
1,300 were still missing after a couple of weeks. Dorian
was the worst hurricane to hit the country and the
second most powerful to be measured in the Atlantic.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
13 939 km2 (2018)
Swedish –6 hours
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Nassau 274,400 (refers to the entire island of New
Providence, 2016 estimate)
Other major cities
Freeport 27,000 (2016 estimate)
Mount Alvernia (63 m asl) 1
there are no rivers
there are no lakes
Average Precipitation / year
Nassau 1179 mm
Average / day
Nassau 27 °C (July), 22 °C (Jan)
- at Cat Island