Austria is dominated by beautiful mountain
views. But the country is also penetrated by the Danube,
an important trade route for the Central European
industrialized country. The Social Democrats and the
bourgeois People's Party have long dominated politics
but in recent decades have lost voters to especially the
right-wing populist and immigrant Christian party FPÖ.
The party's successes in the 2017 election led to it
being able to form a government with the People's Party.
Brief profiles of Austria, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Austria consists of almost two-thirds of
mountains. The Alps extend from the border with
Switzerland in the west to Vienna in the east, where the
country turns into a plain landscape. On the surface,
Austria is not much bigger than Svealand, but still
borders on eight nations.
The Alps are divided into three mountain ranges
separated by marked valleys in the east-west direction.
In the middle chain lies the Grossglockner massif with
the country's highest peak and the largest glacier.
The Danube flows through northern Austria on its way
east towards the Black Sea. The lowland area of the
Wiener Basin is spreading in the northeast. Other
important rivers such as Inn, Salzach, Enns, Mur and
Drau are all tributaries to the Danube.
Of the many lakes in the country, the most famous and
scenic are in the Salzburg area and in the state of
Carinthia in the south. Largest is Lake Neusiedler at
the border with Hungary. A small part of Lake Constance,
at the border with Germany and Switzerland, belongs to
Austria has a temperate continental climate. The
rainfall is abundant, not least in the west and can
locally amount to 2,000 millimeters per year.
Due to the highly varying altitude conditions, there
are large differences in temperature and precipitation
sometimes also between neighboring places.
The lowland areas of the Danube valley in the north
and the plain in the east have more continental climate
with cold summers, hot summers and relatively little
rainfall. In the south-east, the climate is affected by
the proximity to the Mediterranean; here summers longer
and warmer. In the alpine areas, the rich rainfall
provides large amounts of snow in the winter.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
83 858 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Slovakia, Czech
Republic, Hungary, Slovenia, Italy
Capital with number of inhabitants
Vienna 1 524 000 (2003)
Other major cities
Graz 226 400, Linz 186 300, Salzburg 144 800,
Innsbruck 113 800, Klagenfurt 90 300 (2001)
Grossglockner (3798 m asl)
Average Precipitation / month
Vienna 38 mm (Jan), 63 mm (July)
Average / day
Vienna -0.7 °C (Jan), 19.7 °C (July)