Antigua and Barbuda is one of the more
prosperous of all the small island states of the
Caribbean that were formerly British colonies. The white
sandy beaches, which are said to be 365, attract many
tourists. The country also makes money from foreign
companies that benefit from favorable tax rules. Almost
the entire population lives on Antigua. In Barbuda,
besides thousands of people, there is one of the world's
largest colonies of frigate birds.
Brief profiles of Antigua and Barbuda, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Antigua and Barbuda are part of the Leeward
Islands (Läö Islands), which in turn
are part of the small group of Antilles in the Caribbean
(Caribbean). Antigua, which is the main island, lies
four miles south of the smaller island of Barbuda, and
just over five miles east of the small uninhabited rock
island of Redonda.
All three islands are in short supply of fresh water.
Antigua is lowland but hilly in the southwest.
Especially in the northeast, the coast of Antigua is
irregular with many bays, reefs and small islands.
Barbuda is completely flat with smooth coasts. Adjacent
to Barbuda's lagoon is nesting the world's largest
colony of frigate birds.
The climate in Antigua and Barbuda is tropical and
drier than most other Caribbean islands, as no high
mountains capture moisture from the ever-winding
northeast pass. However, Antigua gets a little more rain
than Barbuda. The islands are located in a
hurricane-stricken area. Most rain falls between
September and November, which is the end of the
The major environmental problems are the lack of
fresh water and the destruction of coral reefs caused by
hurricanes and tourists.
FACTS - GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
442 km2 (2018)
Swedish –5 hours
Capital with number of inhabitants
St. John's 21,643 (Census 2011)
Other major cities
All Saints (at Antigua), Codrington (at Barbuda)
Boggy Peak (at Antigua, 402 m asl)
Average Precipitation / year
1 000 mm
Average / day