Andorra is located in the Pyrenees mountain
range, on the border between France and Spain. Since
1993, it has been a sovereign state, but France's leader
and a Spanish bishop are still formal heads of state.
The Principality is a financial center and something of
a tax haven. Duty-free goods and fine ski slopes attract
just over ten million tourists a year.
Brief profiles of Andorra, including geography, history, politics, economics as well as common acronyms about this country.
Geography and climate
Andorra is located in the eastern Pyrenees on
the border between France and Spain. With just under 470
square kilometers, the country has an area corresponding
to one third of Íland.
The highest peak in mountainous Andorra is Coma
Pedrosa (just over 2,940 meters above sea level) and the
lowest level above sea level is 840 meters, at the
border with Spain. The three largest valleys cut through
the country almost in the form of the letter Y. In the
valleys flow the rivers Valira del Nord and Valira
d'Orient, which unite in Grand Valira.
Andorra has an alpine, Mediterranean-influenced
climate with lots of snow in winters and warm,
relatively dry summers. Most precipitation falls in the
spring. The driest month is January.
470 km2 (2018)
Adjacent country (s)
Capital with number of inhabitants
Andorra la Vella 25 200 (Estimated 2008)
Other major cities
Les Escaldes 16 400, Encamp 14 900 (Estimated 2008)
Coma Pedrosa (2,947 m asl)