External Factors to Take into Account in a Fishing Trip

Today we start a series of fishing articles where we will talk about the factors that influence the fishermen in our outings and that must be taken into account even if it does not seem so for our safety as to achieve success with our catches.

General Factors Influencing Fishing

Even the best of fishermen is exempt from the whims of Mother Nature, regardless of the quality of equipment, bait or boat, every fisherman must submit to seek the best way to adapt to these external factors for an excellent journey of fishing.

Among the external factors that every fisherman must take into account are;Weather, tides, seasons, coastal profile, atmospheric pressure, temperature, position of the sun, moon and sea currents, whose data will determine the strategy to be followed for good fishing. Sometimes these conditions are taken advantage of, but in others precautions must be taken when they are not at all favorable.

Experience and constant study is the main ally of fishermen, as both knowledge is essential to understand the best time to embark on a productive fishing journey, constantly observe the external conditions and the behavior of the fish will help in the following Days to go better prevented and equipped with what is necessary, and although there are no exact laws in this matter, with the observation is easier to obtain similar patterns that will increase the probabilities of a good fishing.

The position of the sun and the moon is a determinant in marine life, photosynthesis allows to create a pattern of schedules in the species depending on their natural needs, this is how the hours with greater illumination in the water bring greater activity in the fish and Vice versa, at least in most cases, which will be important in choosing the right time to go out to sea.

The coastal profile, on the other hand, imposes other types of conditions, such as weak or strong winds, sandbanks, different depths and types of soil, stony ground, mixed bottoms or freshwater, which determine the type of fish and equipment Should be used.

According to BestfishingEssentials, the season of the year is also very important because it brings climatic and temperature conditions that can be decisive when embarking on a fishing day, some species seek the depths or rise to the surface to adapt to the temperature, in other cases the Reproductive cycle makes them change behavior at certain times, so you have to be very attentive to discover these habits.

The most difficult to schematize are the weather patterns, the atmospheric pressure, and the winds, because unfavorable conditions can appear when they are least expected, causing rains, waves, torrents and unexpected cold that alters marine behavior in all its extension.

The state of the sea on the other hand is another factor that when observed carefully will help you to fish one species or another, the calm, flat and clear sea attracts certain species but does not mean that the choppy or cloudy sea can not attract others the same Of coveted. Putting together all these factors we have a great range of possibilities that make fishing a complex matter, which requires dedication, concentration, good eyesight, talent and perseverance.

To go into details and better explain each external factor, we will divide each aspect for a better study:

Coastline Profile

Although at first glance it seems that the ocean is the same, underneath the surface we will find the same characteristics that we find on land: Mountains, valleys, depressions and deserts, and in this same way we will find, rocky, sandy, or reefs, whose conditions allow or Not the production of marine life, making certain places have more fish abundance than others.

Among the coastal areas we have:

  1. Zone Supra Litoral: Not covered by water but is influenced by it.
  2. Oceanic Zone: Starts at the end of the continental shelf and is divided into:

Eulitoral Zone: Influenced by the tides.

Sublitoral Zone:

Area of ​​laminaria: Maximum depth is 30 meters.

Coral Zone: Between 30 and 100 meters deep

Deep zone: Between 100 and 200 meters deep.

Most fishermen prefer to fish in areas that are covered and discovered by water, but depending on the species, they are inclined to areas further away from the coast, with greater depths.

Fishing in Port, Pier or Malecon:

On rainy or stormy days, these are the best places to find good fishing near the coast, as the fish seek shelter and are grouped on the shores, in addition the docks become food banks thanks to the debris that the Sea, prompting the fish to take a walk in the surroundings, so that the boats are not necessary and a few meters of rigging would be enough to reach a desirable depth.

The methods of fishing Rock Fishing, the Fishing to the Bolognese, the fishing with Buoy or Rapala, are preferred in these places, because with the chopped sea some prey can escape and one must put greater commitment in the technique to get a good chop .

Fishing in Cliffs:

This is a very difficult type of fishing, because to access these places there are many risks and dangers for anyone, the advantage is that fish usually behave more naturally, we will not find artificial waste and fish often feel more confident, nonetheless Is quite complicated, success will depend on the access, equipment and techniques used.

Fishing in Beaches:

Beaches are the favorite of many fishermen, but it needs to have certain characteristics to be considered productive:

The shore should be made of sand and pebbles.

The water and the coast must be clean.

Do not lift so much wind.

Preferably discharging fresh water therein.

It has biological activity: Crabs, mussels, etc.

Have two breakers not far away.

Walls and rocky bottoms when they start to tread the 200 meters.

Average Depth.

Short sand banks.

With these characteristics it will be easier to distinguish the best places that a beach has to fish, or that beach in particular presents greater affinities with these characteristics, nevertheless, we emphasize that we should not forget other external factors such as weather, The tides, etc.

To discover hidden features such as deep pools, sandbanks, and rocky bottoms, different techniques of observation are used that will lead you to different conclusions.

The most common to determine the depth is to observe the behavior of the waves and the gradient of a beach, when the coast has a smaller slope with respect to the sea the waves are stronger, and the size of the wave will be equal to the depth, when A wave breaks, it means that there is an obstacle, and it is quite likely to find a sandbar to fish without having to get in the water to find out, so it will save time and save efforts to do what interests us most.

Another way to detect good points for fishing is to observe and walk along the beach, because everything in it is a lively reflection of the general conditions that are under the sea, you can know if dunes are formed, if the soil Is muddy or hard, the amount of unevenness that can be, etc. Depending on this information the type of bait and the equipment to be used is decided.

How to classify Beaches:

According to their profile of Costa: As well as there are extensive beaches and soft sand, there are also small, IN THE FORM OF “u” and surrounded by walls and rocky cliffs, the type of fishing and the chances of success are very variable, depends The food that the fish can find on the shore, the lighting of the sun, the tides and the state of the sea. That way you will graduate the necessary distance that we have to reach to meet our prey.

According to depth: At this point there is more than one important feature:

  1. Shallow Beaches: They are shallow and fairly flat, in which long distances have to be reached to find a better depth and the currents influence too much, however the tide can attract a good flow of fish.
  2. Medium bottom beaches: They are not too deep, and the weather is better weathered, on the other hand the food production is average and the marine activity is not too high, even less if it is affected by the professional fishing activity.
  3. Deep beaches: In this type of beaches you can get a big difference which makes the waves break very close to the shore, and it is there where the most food is found, so it will not be necessary to go too far in the distance , Is also ideal when there is a rainy or windy climate, as there is the possibility of catching the large fish that take refuge on the shores.

According to its Composition:

  1. Clean Beaches: Extensions of sand with few stones or rock formations, in which the food is quite spread.
  2. Stone Beaches: These are those whose bottoms are covered with rock stones and pebbles, which is why food and marine life abound, it is quite productive since a great variety of fish can be found in their natural habitat.
  3. Mixed: As its name indicates is a mixture between sand and stone, usually fishermen look for the clearings of sand to attract the fish that are surrounding the stones in search of food.