Amino Acids Non-Essential: What Are They and What Are Their Functions?

The nonessential amino acids are produced by the body, but that is not why they are less important than the essential. Learn all about this theme.

Amino Acids Non-Essential

The amino acids are the basic building blocks of proteins, and may be distributed into two categories: essential amino acids and nonessential amino acids.

In this article, let’s talk about amino acids, non-essential, to know what are, and what their main functions.

AN INTRODUCTION TO AMINO ACIDS

Amino acids, often referred to as the building blocks of proteins, are compounds that play many key roles in the body.

Are necessary for vital processes, such as the construction of proteins and the synthesis of hormones and neurotransmitters. Some can also be taken in the form of a supplement to increase athletic performance or improve the mood.

Amino acids are categorized as essential or non-essential, some of which are semi-essential.

AMINO ACIDS NON-ESSENTIAL: WHAT ARE THEY?

The nonessential amino acids are those that the body cannot produce internally, and is not, therefore, dependent on the intake of the same through diet or supplementation.

  • Are part of this group: Alanine, Asparagine, aspartic Acid, or Aspartate, Glutamic Acid, or Glutamate, and Serine.

There are still amino acids semi-essential, which are nonessential amino acids that become essential in specific stages of life, since they are required in larger quantities when the body is no longer able to produce.

  • Are part of this group: Glutamine, Proline, Arginine, Glycine, Tyrosine and Cysteine.

KNOW THE AMINO ACIDS ARE NOT ESSENTIAL IN DETAIL

1. ARGININE

Also known as L-arginine, arginine may not be synthesized from other amino acids. Arginine changes to nitric oxide in the human body and serves as a potent vasodilator.

The health benefits of arginine include:

  • Healing of wounds
  • Detoxification of the kidneys
  • Maintaining immune and hormone
  • Dilation of the arteries

There are rare cases of deficiency of L-Arginine, because the body is able to produce it. It is found in red meat, wheat germ, grains, nuts and seeds.

2. ALANINE

Alanine is produced by other amino acids such as pyruvate and leucine, valine, and isoleucine. It is popularly known as L-alanine.

A more dense this amino acid is known by the name of beta-alanine, and is more connected to the industry in sports, because it improves the performance.

The health benefits include:

  • Metabolism of amino acids
  • The production of Glucose
  • Prevention of hypoglycemia

3. ASPARAGINE

Asparagine is known as the first amino acid to be isolated from its source. Was synthesized from asparagus.

Asparagine is known for his main role in the synthesis of glycoproteins. In the human body, is synthesized by the liver.

The health benefits of asparagine include:

  • Transport of nitrogen
  • Development of neurons
  • Increasing the resilience of athletes

Deficiency of asparagine may lead to disturbances in neural, depression, irritation and, in extreme cases, can lead to psychosis.

4. ASPARTATE

The aspartate is commonly known as aspartic acid and is an amino acid polar, negatively charged. It is synthesized by the liver in the human body.

The health benefits include:

  • Use in dietary supplements to increase the solubility of minerals
  • It acts as a neurotransmitter

5. CYSTEINE

Cysteine is widely used by the human body for several important functions. In supplements, it is usually in the form of N-acetyl-L-cysteine. The body converts it into cysteine and then into glutathione, which is a powerful antioxidant.

The health benefits of cysteine include:

  • Use when there is poisoning by acetaminophen/paracetamol
  • Treatment of chronic bronchitis and COPD
  • Treatment of the pain of angina
  • Improvements in Respiratory distress Syndrome Acute

6. GLUTAMATE

Glutamate is an amino acid very important and is used as a neurotransmitter is very powerful. The body produces this amino acid not essential for the sole reason of having to be present in the required amount in the desired location at the required time. The excess concentration of glutamate is highly toxic.

The health benefits of glutamate include:

  • Transmission of signals within the brain
  • Treatment of schizophrenia

7. GLUTAMINE

Glutamine is widely used as a recovery agent in the sport and is commonly known as L-glutamine. Glutamine contains nitrogen and that is why it is known to be a carrier of nitrogen.

The health benefits of glutamine include:

  • Agent recovery after a workout
  • Healing of wounds and burns

8. GLYCINE

Glycine is the smallest amino acid according to its structure. It is produced by the body and a meal typical can contain about 2 grams of glycine.

The health benefits include:

  • Treatment of schizophrenia
  • Prevention of cerebral vascular accidents
  • Treatment of ulcers

9. PROLINE

The proline is known as L-proline. It is synthesized in the body by the breaking of L-glutamate. The food consumption in L-glutamate helps to ensure adequate levels of this amino acid.

The health benefits include:

  • Formação de colagénio
  • Prevenção da arteriosclerose

10. SERINA

Serine is also known as L-serine. It is synthesized by the body from glycine and threonine, also amino acids.

The health benefits of serine include:

  • The production of tryptophan
  • Involvement in fat metabolism, in the functioning of RNA and DNA, as well as in building muscle and in maintaining immune

11. TYROSINE

The tyrosine is one of the most important amino acids in the process of protein synthesis. The tyrosine is involved in many bodily functions and that is what makes it very important. The consumption of food rich in iron helps in the production of tyrosine in the body.

However, it should be noted that excessive levels of tyrosine can interfere with the production of thyroid hormone.

The health benefits of tyrosine include:

  • Prevention of brain damage
  • Stress relief
  • Reduction of blood pressure

IN SHORT…

While not essential, these amino acids play important functions in the body and therefore should not be undervalued, especially the semi-essential which can often not be produced by the human body.

 

 

 

 

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